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Spatial analysis to achieve 20 Million Hectares of Marine Protected Areas for Indonesia by 2020
The President of the Republic of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, in his speech at theConvention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Brazil (2006), declared a target of ten millionhectares of marine protected areas (MPAs) for Indonesia by 2012. One of the key steps toachieve Indonesia’s MPA target is the selection of appropriate sites for MPA establishment, whereecological functions, environmental services, resource utilization, local knowledge regarding re-source management and the socioeconomic welfare of local communities are improved and sus-tained. The objective of this study is to develop strategic recommendations to the GoI, and definepriority areas to achieve the target of twenty million hectares of MPAs by 2020.
Tropical rainforest heritage of Sumatra
Our activities there have gone from small-scale research to a broad landscape-scale program addressing conservation needs through collaborative management and improved development planning, supported by research, capacity building, law enforcement, education and awareness. As the program develops the lessons-learned are being taken to Kerinci-Seblat and Gunung Leuser National Parks with the vision of achieving a common management strategy for the entire heritage site, backed by a network of information and resource sharing.
Partnership Council of Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park
WCS and BNWNP initiated a new approach to strengthen park conservation management forming a partnership framework called Dewan Mitra, a partnership council. The council is focusing on four key elements: 1) building a strong knowledge base for local stakeholders in order that they can have substantive input into park management; 2) collecting sound field information in order to provide a clearer picture of management issues for local, regional, national and international stakeholders; 3) translating field information into best management practices; and 4) increasing awareness of biodiversity and conservation at the local level.
Northwest Sumatra seascape
The earthquake of December 26 2004 that struck 30km beneath the Indian Ocean along the Andaman-Sumatera faultline, off the northwestern coast of Indonesia, triggered a tsunami that caused massive devastation on land and unprecedented loss of lives. These reefs are the gateway to the Indonesian archipelago and the Pacific for many Indian Ocean species, therefore, this is a uniquely informative community with respect to the biogeography of coral reefs. There is an urgent need for the collection of information on the impacts on existing marine resources in order to guide management of marine resources and the development of sustainable management practices.
North Sulawesi seascape
This region forms part of the diverse Sulu-Sulawesi Sea Marine Ecoregion, which is situated in the heart of the Coral Triangle and is world-renowned for its coastal and marine biodiversity, including 70 genera of corals and about 2,500 fish species. The project will focus on strengthening the scientific foundation for coral reef ecosystem management decisions, scaling up community-based MPAs to identify shared goals and approaches, linking to other sites that have been proposed or are under discussion for MPA designation, and building the technical and professional capacity for management amongst local and provincial resource managers
Karimunjawa national park
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago with 17,508 islands and the second longest (54,716 km) coastline (after Canada) in the world. Small coastal island communities are therefore integral to the development of Indonesia’s economic future. The islands of Karimunjawa lie 120 km north of Semarang in Central Java, Indonesia and are renowned as the ‘jewel of the Java Sea’. The islands are within one of only seven marine national parks in Indonesia and are popular with local and international tourists alike. The park is made up of 22 individual islands (five of which are inhabited) with 8,000 people living in three communities. WCS has been instrumental in driving a new management process to increase awareness of marine resource management and re-design management regulations with community and government support. Karimunjawa is an ideal site to test this innovative approach and enhance conservation efforts for the benefit of Indonesia’s diverse marine environments.
Forest Island Program
Indonesia is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of biodiversity, spanning 5,400 km along the equator and encompassing more than 17,000 islands. Indonesia has a large protected area network, however its coverage is uneven; both in terms of biodiversity and in terms of the allocation of human and financial resources. The weakest coverage is in the islands of East Indonesia, in particular within the 1,000s of islands of Sulawesi, Maluku and Nusa Tenggara; as provinces bigger in size than many south-east Asian and Pacific countries.
Integrating Conservation & Rural Development In Sulawesi
WCS is working in North Sulawesi to integrate conservation and environmentally sustainable natural resource management among rural communities. The goal of the project is to improve rural livelihoods while simultaneously benefiting the environment and forms part of the Indonesian “Kecamatan Development Program” (known locally as KDP, or PPK or Program Pengembangan Kecamatan). This is country-wide rural development program reaches more than 30,000 rural villages and provides them with facilitation services, village governance improvements, and grants for village-chosen investments.
Halmahera seascape
The Halmahera Seascape lies within the heart of the Coral Triangle situated between two of the most diverse seascapes of Indonesia - Sulawesi and the Birds Head. With more than 1000 km2 of its coral reef marine ecosystems still unexplored, the region is truly one of the last frontiers of coral reef science. Encompassing four peninsulas and three great bays, Halmahera is the largest island of the Maluku Province, with a land area of 17,780 km². The Halmahera seascape remains unprotected by a single functional marine protected area (MPA) yet threats to the health of its coral reefs are ever present.
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