November 08, 2013

Yudi Herdiana : A new study by WCS identifies more than 4.5 million hectares of potential Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) that can help the Indonesian Government to achieve its target of establishing 20million hectares of MPAs by 2020.

The study is partof the USAID-MPAG program for Indonesia, through which WCS conducted a spatial assessment of MPAs using available data and reports from all previous scientific studies that have defined priority areas of marine resource conservation in Indonesia.

Where are the future MPAs?

This study is the first of its kind in Indonesia to identify key MPAs that are in urgent need of assistance and development, elucidating the distribution and extentof existing community based MPAs from relevant datasets and reports. The report supports the Indonesian government to develop strategic recommendations and spatial priorities for its commitment to achieve 20 million hectares of MPAs by Indonesia.

To reach the 20 million hectare target, we have identified potential priority MPAs for future establishment encompassing 4,530,815 hectares in 26 provinces and 61 districts nation wide. The full study,including full site listings and maps, can be found in Yulianto et al. 2013 

We validated this information with data from the Data Center of Marine Protected Areas, the Directorate of Conservation of Areas and Fish Species (KKJI), the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF), and the Ministry of Forestry (MoF) on existing, proposed and community-based marine protected areas that have been established by various institutions.

To assist the Government of Indonesia, WCS has a goal of contributing to Indonesia’s improved marine protection and fisheries management by achieving a ‘1 in 10’ target of effective management across one million hectares of MPAs over the next 10 years.

Table 1. Area, number and numbers managed by MMAF and MoF of Indonesian Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), Natural Conservation Areas (NSA, NCA) and Community Based MPAs (CB-MPAs).



No. managed by Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries

No. managed by Ministry of Forestry

Existing MPAs in July 2012





Existing NSA and NCA’s in national protected areas




Proposed NSA and NCA’s in process




MPAs in process


4 (Southeast Maluku, Morotai, South Halmahera, and East Belitung Districts)


Clustering of CB-MPAs






The results of our study do not outline the full setof criteria that are expected to forge the underlying strategy of the government to achieve its MPA targets. Other considerations including socio-economic, political, defense and security factors were not examined in this study. The results of this study are providing critical supporting data and information for the Indonesian government in its setting of spatial priorities to achieve its stated target of 20 million hectares of effective marine protected areas for Indonesia.

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